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Santa Monica, California, United States

Monday, July 25, 2016

Bikepacking Trans Germany

The peloton on a forest trail, photo by Achim Walther


TransGermany is a newly developed mountain bike route across Germany that was tackled for the first time in its complete length July 2016. The route starts in the southwestern corner of Germany - or rather just across the border on the Swiss side in Basel - and runs for 1600km/1000 miles to the northeastern corner of Germany on Rügen island in the Baltic sea.  Not an easy ride, but no particularly mean or difficult sections either, and almost completely away from roads with cars. The website is here: https://www.baselona.de/

My progress on trackleaders, it took me 10 days
Achim Walther and Thomas Borst have done the heavy lifting on the route development, with input from others who scouted various sections. The result is impressive, a very diverse route that is largely unpaved forest and agricultural service roads (where no automobile through traffic is allowed), but also plenty of trails, plus some cobblestone, sand, and paved bike paths. 

The route also worked very well on the first try. Most inaugural events have teething problems. I remember a poison oak swamp hike on the first Los Padres, a reservation Sheriff chasing cyclists away on the Stagecoach 400, people getting lost at the end of the TransNorth California. No similar difficulties here even though the route often got to spots where a trail was not initially visible (and without GPS would have impossible to find). But it required a lot of attention to the GPS track. On other routes, I keep my Garmin GPS typically at 1.2 or 2km scale, here I had to use a very fine resolution of 120 or 200m because of many unexpected turns.

Another section that would have been hard to find without GPS.  Picture taken by Achim.
This year offered a good opportunity for a ride outside the US because I had a new research project that involved meetings in Europe and my daughter Anya was going to do a German language course in Austria. Initially, I looked into Mike Hall's Transcontinental, which runs from Belgium to Turkey, and signed up for it. The Transcontinental is largely on roads and I had doubts about finding a good route (in the Transcontinental, you determine your own route except for a few predetermined stretches). The only stretch of the Transcontinental that I already knew was the Furka pass in Switzerland and biking up a big pass in the middle of tour buses is not fun. Then I somehow found a planning thread for the TransGermany route (I don't exactly remember where I heard about it), which sounded much more like my preferred type of riding and made the decision easy to give up my spot in the Transcontinental. I also like the size much better. There were 15 of us at the start of the TransGermany, anybody could join, so a friendly low key event. In contrast, the Transcontinental is huge. Mike Hall said he got 900 applications, 600 of them credible cyclists, and only accepted 1/3 of them. Happy to let one of them have my spot.  

I think another picture by Achim Walther. Achim brought a high quality camera and took 800 photos, so many of the pics in this blog (especially with other riders) are his rather than mine.
The TransGermany route was well planned, but it still was an unknown. Initially, it seemed that since there weren't any major mountains  and a lot of forest roads, 200km a day would be realistic, kind of like Tour Divide. It turns out that mile for mile, TransGermany is harder. The climbs are numerous and often steep, the trails are slow, so except for the slightly faster first and last day, my average speed was around 13 or 14 km/h, making 150-160 already a full day. I think the slow pace of the route surprised everybody. Punchline is that the route is more challenging than it looks on a map. This year, Reto Koller, the first finisher by a long margin, could do it in 6 1/2 days, then people started trickling in after about 8 1/2 days and I was the fourth finisher at 10 1/2 days. The remaining 5 riders all finished at about the same time 2 days later, so 9 finishers out of 14 or 15 starters.    

Day 1, Sunday: Rhein Valley and Schwarzwald

On Saturday afternoon/evening, the day before the start, people trickled in and we met at a shelter hut outside the town and grilled sausages. The gear was identical to any tour in the US: Revelate dominates the saddle bag scene, and Salsa is the most popular bike brand. Just a higher rate  of Rohloff hubs here than in the US.

Official start was at 8 am in Basel, a total of 14 or 15 starters (there was a French guy who showed up just before the start and then was never seen again, not in the picture), and we lined up for the group picture.  

And off we went! Keith Beard, a friend from the Valley of the Moon fiddle camps, happened to be in Basel on business (working in the tall building in the background) and took this picture at the start. 
photo by Keith Beard, who I know from Scottish Fiddlers. 
 The route started to surprise right from the beginning. I expected a paved bike trail at the beginning. That surely also exists, at least on the Germany side. But we almost immediately went on narrow single track along the river, with roots, overhanging tree branches, and multiple hike-a-bike sections (all very short, often to get around ruins from WWII military installations). At km 6, Thomas Borst was the first rider to take a fall and tumble down the steep slope into the river. 
Along the Rhein on the Swiss side
The route starts out flat in the morning, but then there is some climbing into the southern part of the Schwarzwald, which tends to be quite steep. That afternoon I learned the hard way that this route requires particular attention to the GPS. I was still using the 1.2km resolution, missed a turn and descended into the wrong valley. The penalty for that was having to climb back over a ridge, maybe an extra 10km, and also on a busy road to reconnect with the route. Having countless cars and motorcycles pass at high speed on those bonus miles, I also appreciated how much nicer it is to have a route away from cars! Later in the afternoon, I had caught back up with the main group and camped with them in Tuttlingen in the Donau valley. About 150km into the ride. 

Day 2 and 3: Schwäbische Alb

Hohenzollern Burg and Hechingen in the distance, day 2. 

Lots of climbing on the program these 2 days. The route crosses the Schwäbische Alb and despite being a smallish mountain range that barely scratches 1000m, my legs were tired at the end of day 3 and I even had sore quads. 

 On day 2, I rode late into the night, but still barely made 160km, a good indication that this is not a fast route. A nice day, with sprinkles of nice single track, especially near Liechtenstein along the Burgweg. Probably not entirely legal as this is a hiking trail, but as long as no big group of cyclist tries to barrel through, there are no problems. I reached Bad Urach before sunset, bought some food for the night in a supermarket, and went on. Outside the forest, it doesn't get fully dark until about 11 at night, so didn't really need lights until descending in the forest from Hohenneuffen. I camped near Beuren. I think going the other direction (towards Basel), the climb to Hohenneuffen and afterwards out of Bad Urach will be hard. 

Although I found a very nice camping spot, I just couldn't get comfortable and was restless all night. So I started day 3 early, but not rested, which made for a hard morning or really most of the day. 

View from the top, but it'll be down and back up many more times
Achim took the picture below a day after I went through. Steep single track. No, I did not walk, I rode it - at least until my handlebars hit a tree and I tumbled down the hill side. 

Hotel Kronprinz in Ellwangen, recovery evening
Maybe it was lack of sleep, maybe the climbs, or maybe being in the hot afternoon sun on day 3, but I didn't have a good day. My bicycle also started to make noise and I cut the day short and went into a hotel in Ellwangen. Not quite 130 km today, now about 430km on the route.

Some bike repair (mainly  coating all potential squeak sources with vaseline - held up fine for the rest of the ride), shower, nice dinner, comfortable night, and I was ready for fresh start the next day. 

Day 4: Transition along the European Divide

Not a recovery day, but relatively flat and definitely an easier day and I almost made 200km. For a few hours, we seem to track the trail along a divide where water on one side flows to the North Sea and on the other side to the Black Sea. 

 A fine theme, kind of reminiscent of the Great Divide Mountain Bike Route, the original long distance route from Canada to Mexico. Generally the trail worked, although it definitely is less used or maintained. Many turns would have been hard to find without GPS. 
More of the theme "Trust the GPS". But within minutes, there will be a more recognizable trail. 
I didn't say the trail would become more rideable, just more recognizable as one. But such stretches were always very short. 
The scenery was the usual forest roads, but somehow it felt like going up and down all the hills just for exercise and lacked some of the scenic view in the Alb. There are a number of rivers with bike trails in that area that might be alternatives, assuming they flow in the right direction. Eventually, you come out in Erlangen, a larger university town, and the route goes along the Biergarten area on the north side. I had dinner there and then continued for a few hours before I camped.  

Dinner at the Erlangen Biergarten
 Finally a day where the km added up and I started to close the gap to the riders ahead of me a bit, day ended around km 620. By now, we had spread out over quite a distance and the ranking didn't change anymore until the end. Reto Koller was way ahead; maybe 150km later came Olaf Haensch; after Olaf in roughly in 100km gaps Adalbert Nuebling, then me, then the peloton (5 riders that pretty much stayed together until the end), and finally a grupetto of 3 (they did not continue much further). 3 or so had already quit. 

Day 5: Fichtelgebirge

Ggrrh, another restless night. Perfectly nice soft camping spot, I had a shower, everything was clean (I hate being sticky at night), and yet couldn't get comfortable. Bad nights make for less enjoyable days and having a good night matters a lot for a good ride. I would have one more bad night (but that was self-inflicted due to a planning failure), but otherwise the nights were good.  So it would be a shorter day, although that meant I still wouldn't get to the halfway point of the route today. Another literally sore point were my hands. The bike I had bought for the trip had grip shifters and I just didn't get comfortable with them. Otherwise I had set up the bike similar to what I usually ride, including the Jones bar that I brought with me, but those grip shifters almost ruined it. 

I arrived in Bayreuth (best known for its Wagner festivals), the last bigger city for a while around lunch time and left my bike at a bike shop to get a new rear tire and new chain. In terms of mechanicals, no issues. Chain and tire were expected replacements, otherwise I only had annoying squeaks that could be stopped with vaseline. The bike ran fine till the end, then creaks reappeared and now the headset bearings need to be replaced.

The climbing started after Bayreuth, into the Fichtelgebirge. Easier than the Alb. Confusingly, there is also the town of Fichtelberg here, but the highest point of the route, the top of the mountain Fichtelberg, is not here, but in a different mountain range, the Erzgebirge. One unplanned detour due to tree cutting activities, but easy enough to reconnect. 
Trail closed to work, but with all the cut down trees wouldn't be fun to ride here anyway. 

Day 6: Erzgebirge

The Fichtelberg, about km840, is the highest point of the ride and roughly the midway point
Midway point! Highest point of the ride! Aside from those psychologically important milestones, I also got into completely new areas for me, the former East Germany and the Czech Republic. The last time I spent any meaningful amount of time in Europe, Germany was still divided and this area was not accessible. 

My day started at about the corner that joins Bayern, Sachsen, and Czech Republic and crossed into the latter. There would be a few back and forth across the countries today. 

 The route follows the ridge of the Erzgebirge and there is a marked trail for it, the Kammweg. This was one of my favorite stretches of the route. 

The route approaches the Fichtelberg from the Czech side, a fairly hard climb, and I had a recovery beer shortly before the top in Bozi Dar. 

The Fichtelberg itself is a skiing area, so we descend on the ski run before continuing on trails. Then comes a bit of a road stretch through some sad towns on the German side. The former East Germany has lost a lot of its population and many towns feel like they are dying. I had dinner in Jöhstadt, a town with a large market place, big buildings and hotels, yet virtually empty. The big Rathaus hotel closed its kitchen at 7, earlier today because the owner said there were no customers. There was only one restaurant still open in town after 7pm and even there I was the only guest.  

Day 7:

Czech scenery of soccer field and hayballs
More back and forth between Germany and Czechia and generally trending downhill. Late in the day, I crossed the Elbe, a river that eventually flows through Hamburg, so no doubt that I was in northern Germany by now. I ended the day at around km 1000. 

Crossing the border is very easy these days. 
 Today I somehow got preoccupied with this Trader Joe's Hazelnut package that I bought in an Aldi. Now, it looks very much like the Trader Joe's logo in California, but we can't find hazelnuts. And why would you find Trader Joe's products in Germany? A logo design coincidence? What has  a hip California supermarket chain in common with a stale German discounter? Long after the ride, the mystery was solved through an internet search: Trader Joe's and Aldi-Nord are owned by the same German parent company. Aldi sells a number of products under the TJ label, but not necessarily products we find in California - like whole hazelnuts. 

 Or lamb filets!

Day 8: Surprise, more climbing

Now I thought we were heading into the flat part of Germany, but not quite. After the Elbe, one more set of mountains, quite low, but also quite steep, the Sächsische Schweiz. I walked my bike uphill here. So the better part of the day and although at that point I had it with climbing, this is a good part. Just needs the mental preparation for it. It isn't a full day either, the route went downhill for good in the afternoon. 

Flat does not mean easy. Along the Polish border, I encountered the first stretch of sand that would make regular reappearances. This day had a lot going for it (not the sand, but the trails earlier in the day), but I messed it up at the end. 

The first problem was that I only brought tinted glasses. Then the sun sets and the bugs come out! Sunglasses don't work well at night and no glasses wasn't working either this evening along the Neisse river. Had to stop countless times for bug extraction, but sunglasses were just too dark. It was late by the time I got to Forst, which otherwise might be a nice town for dinner or even staying for the night, but continued right into the second mistake of the day (or night by then). 

The route had a number of checkpoints, by now we passed 3 of them, and they were all in very pretty settings with good options for the night. And checkpoint 4 was coming up, plus it even showed on the track a shelter at this checkpoint. Seemed like a perfect place. I had used a shelter before the night before, just put my sleeping bag on the table, no need to fiddle around with a tent.

On to Checkpoint 4, almost midnight, almost there. But got smelly, and then what are those noises? Oh, this checkpoint is an open brown coal pit mining operation! 

So on I went for a while, lost my way, but at least deadended in deep sand, which made for a comfortable sleeping place (nice weather, didn't set up the tent, just the sleeping bag in the sand). Near mining drain pipes, which sometimes sounded like a creek, but also had flushing toilet and space alien sounds in their repertoire. 
late night confusion documented on track leaders. My break was so short, it didn't even register as camping

Made for a short and not very good night, but now I was 200km ahead of the peloton. 

The last days: Lakes, Sand, and Mosquitos

The day started a bit rough after a short night and sandy riding, but later in the afternoon was some of my favorite riding on the whole route, the 66-Seen-Wanderweg, small trails going around lake after lake (presumably 66 of those, but we only did a small fraction of those lakes). So progress was slow that day, but certainly enjoyable. I ended the day around km 1340. 

More riding through forests and along lakes the next day. Varying surfaces, there always was some sand and now more often cobblestone. Cobblestone is certainly pretty, but at times it seems more tedious than sand. Surprisingly, even some forest paths between towns were cobblestone here, nothing similar further south. 

cobblestone is pretty, but hard riding

Sand is just tedious. But it isn't as bad as in the desert in California

 Stralsund is the last city (and one of the biggest one along the route) on the mainland, then comes the final 70km finish run on Rügen. 

Insel Rügen

One last ferry ride to get to the top of the island and the last stretch on its northern coast. Actually one of the more disappointing parts, although it looks good on the map. But there is a huge camp ground, so  the last hour seems like riding through a camp ground, plenty of car traffic on dirt roads, and the trails are very crowded. I'd skip that stretch. 

And finished: Kap Arkona, 10 days and 10 1/2 hours after I started in Basel. Adalbert had arrived here the day before and Olaf the day before him. The peloton of the remaining 5 riders on the route were still together about 300 km behind me and would arrive here almost exactly 2 days later. 

I rolled to one of the next towns and enjoyed a relaxing evening in the hotel.  

Epilogue: Berlin detour


The next morning, I rode to Bergen, the closest town on Rügen with real train service. Turns out that it isn't easy to get on a long-distance train with a bike. Yes, there are fast trains going straight to Stuttgart, the next one was in only 1/2 hour and would get there in 8 hours or so. But, no, can't take a bike on it. And really not that many other trains accepted bikes either. The best option was a regional train to Berlin and continuing the next day on a slightly faster train.  By 3 in the afternoon, I was in Berlin starting my sightseeing tour by bike.
Brandenburger Tor

Berlin works surprisingly well for cycling, even in the city center. Having been in Paris the month before, the difference was stark. Paris is congested, noisy, packed with cars; Berlin is more spacious, quieter, and not dominated by cars. I liked it much better. 

I did more than 30km through Berlin on my self-guided tour through Mitte, Charlottenburg, Moabit, Tiergarten, Kreuzberg. As annoying as the train limits for bicycles are, this required layover was great. 

Hard to imagine that as late as 1989 people were killed simply for trying to cross from East to West Germany. 

Checkpoint Charlie, the end of the American sector
The worst scratches are always on pavement! Berlin Alexanderplatz

Remains of the Wall

Time to leave


  1. Hi. Thanks for a good travel report! I saw a video and then your blog about trans Germany -bike route recently and now started to actually plan it for next summer (2018) ! And I'm wondering: in how good condition does one have to be to achieve the whole trans Germany in under 14 days? What kind of backround should I have? I have done a 600km trip (paved road) in northern norway and finland in 5 days before. It was not particulary hard exept for the last day on which I rode 285km. Am I even close to the required condition in one year from now and what kind of riding experience should I have in your opinion before going? Camping is familiar enough, just wondering about the durability and strenght and all that.